Babri Masjid | Unveiling the Historical Controversy

The Babri Masjid, situated in Ayodhya, India, has long been a subject of intense debate and controversy. This article delves into the historical background, construction, and the events surrounding the Babri Masjid demolition. We explore the aftermath, the significance of Babri Masjid in Indian history, the reconstruction plans, and its impact on interreligious relations. Let’s navigate through the intricate chapters of the Babri Masjid saga.


The Babri Masjid, also known as the Mosque of Babur, was a historic mosque constructed in the 16th century. It stood as a symbol of architectural brilliance and religious coexistence until it became entangled in a bitter Hindu-Muslim dispute that culminated in its demolition.

Historical Background of Babri Masjid

To understand the controversy, we must rewind to the reign of the Mughal Emperor Babur. In 1528, a mosque was constructed under Babur’s orders in Ayodhya, believed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram. This laid the foundation for the Babri Masjid, named after the emperor himself.

আরো পড়ুন……

স্ত্রী সহবাসের ইসলামিক নিয়ম, দোয়া, আগে ওপরে করণীয়

দাড়ি রাখা কি পুরুষদের স্বাস্থ্যের জন্য ভালো?

নামাজের দোয়া ও সূরা (বাংলা অনুবাদ,অর্থসহ আরবি)

তাহাজ্জুদ নামাজ কিভাবে আদায় করবেন

Construction of Babri Masjid

The Babri Masjid was built in the Indo-Islamic style, showcasing intricate architectural designs and showcasing a blend of Persian and Indian elements. The mosque featured prominent domes, minarets, and carved stone panels that mesmerized visitors with their grandeur.

Controversy Surrounding Babri Masjid

Hindu-Muslim Conflict

Over time, a deep-seated Hindu-Muslim conflict arose surrounding the ownership and significance of the land on which the Babri Masjid stood. Hindus claimed that the mosque was built on the exact birthplace of Lord Ram, while Muslims held it sacred as a place of worship.

Demolition of Babri Masjid

The controversy escalated on December 6, 1992, when a large crowd of Hindu activists gathered and demolished the Babri Masjid, sparking widespread outrage and communal violence across the nation. The demolition of the mosque led to a period of unrest and strained interreligious relations.

Legal Battle and Court Verdict

Following the demolition, a legal battle ensued over the ownership of the disputed site. The case traversed through various courts over the years, and in November 2019, the Supreme Court of India pronounced its verdict, granting the land to Hindus for the construction of a Ram Mandir (temple) and providing Muslims an alternate site for the construction of a mosque.

Aftermath of the Babri Masjid Demolition

Riots and Communal Tensions

The Babri Masjid demolition triggered a series of riots and communal tensions in different parts of India. Thousands of lives were lost, and countless families were torn apart in the aftermath. The scars of these events continue to impact society, underscoring the need for interreligious harmony and understanding.

Political Ramifications

The Babri Masjid dispute had far-reaching political implications, influencing the dynamics of Indian politics. It became a crucial rallying point for various political parties, with each vying to gain support from their respective vote banks. The controversy exposed the fault lines within the secular fabric of the nation.

Significance of Babri Masjid in Indian History

The Babri Masjid holds immense historical and cultural significance. Its construction during the Mughal era stands as a testament to India’s rich architectural heritage. The controversy surrounding it has shaped the social and political landscape of modern India, highlighting the complexities of religious coexistence in a diverse society.

Rebuilding and Future Plans

Ayodhya Verdict and Land Dispute Resolution

The Ayodhya verdict by the Supreme Court brought an end to the legal battle that spanned several decades. The court’s decision aimed at resolving the long-standing dispute by providing both Hindus and Muslims separate parcels of land for their respective places of worship.

Construction of Ram Mandir

In line with the court’s verdict, the construction of the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is currently underway. The temple is envisioned as a symbol of national integration and is expected to attract devotees from across the globe. The construction process holds both religious and cultural significance.

Impact on Interreligious Relations

The Babri Masjid controversy has left a lasting impact on interreligious relations in India. It exposed the fault lines and deep-rooted prejudices that exist within society. However, it has also paved the way for dialogue, understanding, and the pursuit of communal harmony. The challenge lies in healing the wounds and fostering an environment of mutual respect and acceptance.

International Reactions and Implications

The demolition of the Babri Masjid garnered significant attention worldwide. It sparked reactions from various international communities, governments, and organizations. The event served as a wake-up call, highlighting the need for global efforts to promote religious tolerance and prevent the escalation of communal conflicts.

Lessons Learned from Babri Masjid Dispute

The Babri Masjid dispute offers several crucial lessons. It reminds us of the dangers of communal polarization and the importance of fostering a culture of mutual respect and understanding. The incident calls for greater sensitivity, dialogue, and a commitment to upholding the principles of secularism and religious freedom.

Cultural and Architectural Importance of Babri Masjid

The Babri Masjid’s architectural splendor and cultural significance have left an indelible mark on India’s heritage. The intricate designs, calligraphy, and craftsmanship reflect the artistic brilliance of the bygone era. Preserving and appreciating such architectural marvels is vital to ensuring that future generations can witness the glory of the past.

Babri Masjid in Popular Culture and Literature

The Babri Masjid controversy has also found its way into popular culture, literature, and artistic expressions. Writers, poets, and artists have explored the complexities of the issue, reflecting upon the emotions, historical context, and social dynamics associated with the Babri Masjid dispute. These creative endeavors provide further insight into the multifaceted nature of the controversy.

The Babri Masjid Controversy in the Digital Age

In the digital age, the Babri Mas controversy has transcended physical boundaries and found its place in the virtual realm. Social media platforms have become battlegrounds for heated debates, amplifying voices and perspectives from all sides. It is crucial to navigate these digital spaces responsibly and foster meaningful conversations that promote harmony rather than division.

Role of Media and Social Media

The media, both traditional and social, played a significant role in shaping public opinion and disseminating information during the Babri Mas controversy. However, biases and misinformation also seeped into the narrative, exacerbating tensions and fueling the conflict. It is essential for media organizations and individuals to uphold journalistic integrity and ethical reporting standards.


The Babri Masjid controversy stands as a stark reminder of the complexities inherent in religious coexistence. It symbolizes the need for dialogue, understanding, and the pursuit of communal harmony in a diverse society like India. As the nation moves forward, it is crucial to learn from the past, heal the wounds, and build a future that respects the principles of secularism, inclusivity, and religious freedom.


1. Why was the Babri Masjid demolished? The Babri Mas was demolished amidst a Hindu-Muslim dispute over the ownership and significance of the land on which it stood. Hindus claimed it to be the birthplace of Lord Ram and demanded the construction of a temple, while Muslims regarded it as a place of worship.

2. What was the legal resolution of the Babri Masjid dispute? In November 2019, the Supreme Court of India granted the disputed land to Hindus for the construction of a Ram Mandir and provided an alternate site to Muslims for the construction of a mosque.

3. How did the Babri Masjid controversy impact interreligious relations? The Babri Mas controversy strained interreligious relations in India, leading to riots and communal tensions. However, it also served as a catalyst for dialogue and understanding, emphasizing the importance of fostering communal harmony.

4. What is the significance of the Babri Masjid in Indian history? The Babri Masholds historical and cultural significance as a Mughal-era mosque showcasing architectural brilliance. The controversy surrounding it has shaped the social and political landscape of modern India.

5. What lessons can we learn from the Babri Masjid dispute? The Babri Masdispute teaches us the importance of promoting mutual respect, dialogue, and religious tolerance. It reminds us of the dangers of communal polarization and the need to uphold the principles of secularism and religious freedom.

How this mosque of Ayodhya was broken



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